The Beatles, one of the most well-known and popular groups of all time was first created in Liverpool, England in'60. The band included John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison –, and Ringo Starr (Richard Starkey). Lennon had first created a skiffle group (a type of folk music with jazz, blues and country influences) called The Quarrymen. McCartney then joined Lennon's group, and shortly after so did Harrison. The name "The Beetles" was suggested as a tribute to Buddy Holly and The Crickets, soon after the band had changed their name to the "The Beatles". Although their style of music was rock & roll and skiffle the band was able to work with different genres such as Tin Pan Alley and psychedelic rock. The incredibly famous group became trend-setters through their clothes, style and statements.
He was born in Walton Hospital in Liverpool, England where his mother, Mary, had worked as a nurse in the maternity ward. has a younger brother, Michael, born 7 January 1944. Paul was baptized by the Catholic Church. He was born into a Catholic family of Irish descent, his mother was of the Roman Catholic Church.
In 1947, he began his studies at the Stockton Wood Road Primary school, during this little time at this school he met a friend Beatrice, with whom he had a spontaneous relationship, years later, Beatrice dies, this is one of the reasons her last child was named. Joseph Williams continued in the Junior School, and upon reaching the age of 11 went to study at the prestigious Liverpool Institute. In 1954, while riding the school bus he met George Harrison, and they became great friends, and even the person would be his girlfriend for years, Anne Eastman .
20 Forthlin Road now as a tourist attraction
In 1955 the McCartney family moved to 20 Forthlin Road in Allerton. On 31 October 1956, Mary McCartney (who was smoking too much) dies of breast cancer. Shortly after losing his mother met John Lennon, whose mother, Julia, had also died, hit by a drunk police. Jim, Paul's father had played trumpet and piano in a band called Jim Mac's Jazz Band in the 1920s. He wanted his two sons were musicians. After the death of his wife, Mary, Jim McCartney gave his son Paul, a trumpet silver, but Paul decided to change the Framus Zenith (model 17) by an acoustic guitar which allowed him to sing and play simultaneously.
Paul McCartney wrote his first song, "I Lost My Little Girl" with the Zenith and the guitar from his father, a Spanish guitar when he began writing songs with John Lennon. The next song was on the piano, and was called "When I'm Sixty-Four", a song years later to recover the acclaimed album Sgt Pepper's. On July 6, 1957 came alongside Ivan Vaughn, a friend and of John Lennon, the exhibition of Woolton Village. It played "The Quarry Men", a group of famous neighborhood, where he sang John Lennon. After being introduced by Ivan and playing "Twenty Flight Rock" on a trial, Paul McCartney joined the group. He introduced George Harrison in "The Quarry Men," due to the absence of a guitarist who quit the band, by changing style performed by John Lennon. Thanks to friends of Anna (Paul's girlfriend), members of The Quarry Men, they found the women who were long time together (George met Gloria and John met Mary).
1960-1970: The Beatles
In the final configuration of the group that became known as The Beatles, Paul McCartney was the bassist (before the departure of bassist Stuart Sutcliffe he played rhythm guitar) and lead vocalist (along with John Lennon) and co-author of songs. As a multifaceted artist, the study also recorded guitars, piano and experimented with new instruments and sounds.
Due to an agreement between McCartney and Lennon, all songs from the group consisting of any of them are signed as Lennon-McCartney. Without either the first compositions are the result of genuine collaboration between two musicians, the songs that appeared from about 1965 was more common for each write separately.
Through the numerous statements of both there is a broad consensus about the degree of responsibility for each of the composers in almost all Beatles songs. For this reason, McCartney proposed Lennon's widow, Yoko Ono, the songs that he was the principal author was signed as a McCartney-Lennon, the request was refused by it on more than one occasion.
One of the most emblematic songs of McCartney with the Beatles is the ballad "Yesterday." Other popular songs composed in this period are, among others, "Hey Jude" "Get Back" and "Lady Madonna" and "The Long and Winding Road".
On 10 April 1970, after bitter disputes with his bandmates and even though John Lennon had been distracted by the Beatles in September 1969 to start new projects, announced the dissolution of the group. A week later, he published his first solo album, McCartney, which includes a press release in which he talks about his hopes for the future. In 1971 he published Ram, credited to Paul and Linda McCartney. In August of that year, so with guitarist Denny Laine and drummer Denny Seiwell the band Wings, which publishes his first album, Wild Life, 7 December 1971. In 1972 he embarked on a tour of universities in England and small stadiums in Europe. In February of that year, his single "Give Ireland Back To The Irish" is banned on the BBC.
In 1973, Paul McCartney gets his first U.S. number 1 with the theme "My Love" from the album Red Rose Speedway. At the end of that year, Paul published with Wings Band on the Run, one of the most important albums of his solo career. The title song of the album went number 1 on the charts. In 1975, the group "Wings" came to get a top position in the Billboard charts with the song "Listen To What The Man Said", while in 1976 he repeated success with another of his better known in Wings, "Silly Love Songs. Between 1975 and 1976, Paul embarked on the Wings Over the World tour, which would result in the live album Wings Over America.
In 1977, Wings released "Mull of Kintyre", which remained single at number one on the British charts for nine weeks and the best seller until 1984 "Do They Know It's Christmas" broke his record. In 1978 he released Wings London Town, which was taken as a single "With a Little Luck", which got a new number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100. A year later, in 1979, Paul organized the Concert for the People of Kampuchea, which was attended by The Who, The Clash, The Pretenders, Queen and more artists to raise funds for victims of the Pol Pot Regime Cambodia.
1980: Reaction to the assassination of John Lennon
On the morning of 9 December 1980, McCartney got up with the news of the assassination of John Lennon on the doorstep of his home in Sussex.
Lennon's death created a media interest on the surviving members of The Beatles. On the night of Dec. 9, while leaving a recording studio in Oxford Street, McCartney was mobbed by reporters who asked about his reaction to the death Lennon. McCartney replied: "I was very moved, you know, is terrible news," adding that he had spent the day in the studio listening to new material because it "would not be sitting at home." When asked why, McCartney replied: "I did not want". He then asked when he first heard the news, to which Paul replied: "In the morning, sometime," and asked the journalists if they all knew, what they said yes. McCartney then said: "It's a nuisance, does not it?". When the statements were published, his last gesture was widely criticized for what McCartney complained. He also said that he had no intent to wound, but had a misunderstanding about the loss of words. He further emphasized:
I talked to Yoko the day after he was assassinated and the first thing he said was: "John was very fond of you." The last conversation I had with him were still good friends. He was always a very warm man. I used to get off his glasses, those granny glasses, and said: "I'm just me. The facade was just a wall. A shield. These are the moments I most appreciate.
In 1983, McCartney said:
There have been so typically human, and so quiet if he had known that John was dying. It would have made a greater effort to come within this "mask" and have a better relationship with him. "
In an interview to Playboy in 1984, McCartney said he had gone home that night and watched the news on television with their children and that she had cried all night. His last telephone conversation with Lennon and Yoko, before the release of Double Fantasy, was cordial. During the call, Lennon commented sarcastically: "This housewife wants a career!".
In the film The Linda McCartney Story "can see that Paul and Linda had visited John and Yoko at Christmas, the hostilities that had since the breakup of the group were over and that it provided the opportunity to play together someday, too in the film you can see that Paul is suffering too with the death of John.
McCartney continued to record after the death of John Lennon, if not carried out any concert for several years. In this regard, Paul said he felt insecure on stage, afraid of being killed. This led to a disagreement with Denny Laine, who wanted to continue giving concerts, so he left Wings.
In 1981, six months after the murder of Lennon, McCartney collaborated with George Harrison and Ringo Starr in "All Those Years Ago," Harrison's tribute to his late partner. Later, McCartney would do the same through the song "Here Today".
In 1980, he published McCartney II album containing the song "Coming Up" live version as "Coming Up (Live at Glasgow)" and taken from the European tour with Wings again put Paul in the first position on the Billboard Hot 100 . In 1982, he published Tug of War, which features production by George Martin and Ringo Starr collaboration. On the album includes a tribute to John Lennon, "Here Today" and a duet with Stevie Wonder on "Ebony and Ivory", acclaimed song "antiracial" which this summer came to U.S. first. Before the year, Paul helped the singles "The Girl Is Mine", featured on the album Thriller (1982) by Michael Jackson, and "Say, Say, Say", again with Michael Jackson and included on his album Pipes of Peace (1983).
In 1984, Paul wrote and directed the film Give My Regards to Broad Street. The song "No More Lonely Nights" reached # 1 on the UK charts, despite the failure of the film. Later this year, she released the child theme "We All Stand Together" for the animated film Rupert and the Frog Song.
In the second half of the decade, Paul began to collaborate with new artists. Along with Eric Stewart recorded most of the songs that comprise his album Press To Play (1986). However, it will be with Elvis Costello and who achieved relative success in their album Flowers in the Dirt (1989), which enters at number 1 on the British charts, and Off the Ground (1993). In late 1989, Paul McCartney embarks on his first world tour. In this tour again acted in Spain almost 25 years after his concerts in Madrid and Barcelona with the Beatles in 1965. In particular were two concerts, on 2 and 3 November 1989 at the Palacio de los Deportes de Madrid. These concerts began with a projection on a screen divided into three parts, with fragments of Paul's musical history, highlighting the references to The Beatles. Besides songs from their individual stage, were especially held the pieces of the Beatles stage, performing among others "Yesterday," "Penny Lane", "Let it Be," "The Fool on the Hill", etc.. Curiously he did not sing any songs of composed by John Lennon. The concert ended dramatically after several tips, with the end of the second side of Abbey Road, that is, linked suite of songs that end with "The End".
In the 90s, Paul McCartney will make its way into new fields of music: in 1991, the Liverpool Philharmonic McCartney requested a piece to commemorate the 150th anniversary of its founding. The result was Liverpool Oratorio, composed with Carl Davis. Other forays into classical music Paul are Standing Stone (1997), Working Classical (1999) and Ecce Cor Meum (2006). Along with Martin Glover, published under the pseudonym "The Fireman" (in Spanish: "The Fireman"), two albums of ambient music: Strawberries Oceans Ships Forest (1993) and Rushes (1998). In 2000, Liverpool Sound Collage edits along with Super Furry Animals.
After a world tour in 1993, Paul met in the recording studio with George Harrison and Ringo Starr to work on the project The Beatles' Anthology and complete two John Lennon demos, "Free As A Bird" and "Real Love" . Both issues, like the documentary that chronicles the life of The Beatles through interviews by the actors, they get an unqualified success and rises closer Beatlemania for new generations.
Flaming Pie published in 1997, reaching number 2 in the U.S. and the UK and is nominated for album of the year Grammy. On 11 March 1997 was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II of Britain, and in 1999 was incorporated as a soloist in the Hall of Fame Rock and Roll.
However, suffered a blow on 17 April 1998 with the death of his wife Linda McCartney because of breast cancer. Despite a musical hiatus, he recorded the album Run Devil Run, in which he returns to his musical roots and interprets classic songs of Elvis Presley, Gene Vincent and Chuck Berry, which was followed by a concert at The Cavern broadcast over the Internet.
2000 - 2010
Published in 2001 Wingspan, a documentary that tells the story of Wings. The same year came to light its new studio album, Driving Rain. Likewise, Paul wrote the song "Vanilla Sky" nominated for an Oscar for best original song for the movie by that name. On 20 October 2001 amount to The Concert for New York City in tribute to victims of the 11-S.
Barely a month later, on 29 November 2001, George Harrison died of a cancer victim. A year later, on 29 November 2002, participated in a concert tribute to his colleague performing "Something" with a ukulele, as well as "All Things Must Pass", "For You Blue" and "While My Guitar Gently Weeps."
During most of 2002 he was involved in an extensive world tour which took him to the United States, Mexico and Japan. In 2003 led her straight to Europe, including a concert in Red Square in Moscow on May 24 which was subsequently used as a documentary and released on DVD. Again, in summer 2004, he visited 14 European cities on his tour '04 Summer Tour, which began on May 25 in Gijon, Spain. The tour ended at the Glastonbury Festival, England on 26 June, where he played a "Follow Me" as a preview of his next studio work. On 2 July 2005 he was responsible for opening the mega-concert Live 8 in Hyde Park with the theme "Sgt Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" with U2 and closing with "Hey Jude".
On 12 September 2005 issued the album Chaos and Creation in the Backyard, produced by Nigel Godrich, which again plays most instruments, amazing sound with an album intimate and generally acclaimed by critics. Four days later, began a promotional tour that will take you to 37 U.S. cities.
On 17 May 2006 he announced on their official separation from Heather Mills. After months as tabloid headlines in the British tabloids due to the bitter divorce, announced in early 2007 a new contract with the record label Hear Music, Starbucks group, which launches on June 4 his new studio album, Memory Almost Full . To promote the album, McCartney played in small clubs in London, Los Angeles and New York, parking his upcoming world tour until 2008.
On 25 September 2006, McCartney released his fourth classical album, Ecce Cor Meum. His writing alternates between Latin and English, and the coral is performed by a choir of children and adults. The album debuted at position 1 of the classical album charts on 14 October 2006. On 3 May 2007, Ecce Cor Meum was named best album at Classical Brits gala held at the Royal Albert Hall in London. The award was voted by listeners of Classic FM and readers of the namesake magazine, competing for the prize with Katherine Jenkins, Alfie Boe and Sting.
On 26 June 2007, Paul McCartney was listed as a guest, along with his fellow Beatles Ringo Starr and the widows of George Harrison and John Lennon, Olivia Harrison and Yoko Ono respectively, in the CNN Larry King Live, to commemorate the first anniversary of the show "Love" Cirque du Soleil and remember John Lennon and George Harrison. On 13 November 2007, published The McCartney Years, a box set of four DVDs that make a retrospective of his solo career from 1970 to 2005.
In February 2008, McCartney was awarded the Brit Award for his musical trajectory. On June 1, McCartney celebrated the year of his hometown of Liverpool as Capital of Culture, performing a concert in which he collaborated with Dave Grohl of Foo Fighters. Grohl went with McCartney in the songs "I Saw Her Standing There", "Band on the Run" and "Back in the USSR", in addition to singing "A Day in the Life", "Give Peace a Chance" and "Something" as a tribute to John Lennon and George Harrison.
On June 5, published the song "Lifelong Passion (Sail Away)" as a donation to a charity dinner Adopt-A-Minefield. The topic was a new collaboration between McCartney and Youth under the pseudonym of The Fireman and served as a preview of a new working group's study published in November under the name Electric Arguments. On June 14, McCartney participated in a memorial concert of the Independence Day of Ukraine, bringing together more than 350,000 people and becoming the biggest concert in history. A month later, on July 18, McCartney would make a cameo in the Billy Joel concert at Shea Stadium, performing "Let it Be" and "I Saw Her Standing There" before the scheduled demolition of the stadium where he played The Beatles in 1965. Two days later, McCartney participated in events commemorating the 400th anniversary of Quebec with a concert before 250,000 people.
On 25 September 2008, McCartney performed a concert at Park Hayarkon in Tel Aviv, Israel, before 50,000 people at an event called by Dylan as "Friendship First" (which may be translated into Spanish as "Friendship First"). During his visit to Israel, McCartney also visited the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem, lit candles for peace between Israelis and Palestinians.